Mageia 8 is NOT relased yet. This is a work in progress
Mageia is a Free Software operating system of the GNU/Linux family, which can be installed on computers either as the main operating system, or as an alternative system to one or several pre-installed systems (dual boot). It is a community project supported by the non-profit Mageia.Org organization of elected contributors. Mageia is developed by and for its community of users, and is suitable for all kinds of users, from first-time GNU/Linux users to advanced developers or system administrators.
The latest stable release of the Mageia project, Mageia 8, previously spent more than a year in development. It will be supported with security and bug fix updates for 18 months, up to XX XXXXX 202X.
Mageia has two distinct installation media types:
All ISO images can be burned to a DVD or dumped on a USB flash drive. Please note the file and device size limits as, for example, a 4 GB ISO image can be too big for some "nominally" 4 GB USB drives, due to their actual capacity being slightly lower than the marketed size.
For more information, please have a look at our installation media manual page.
You will find the different download options on the Mageia 8 download page: direct (FTP and HTTP) and BitTorrent downloads are available.
The software packages that are included in Mageia sit in three different repositories/media, depending on the type of license applied to each package. Here's an overview of those repositories:
The Nonfree media set is enabled by default but can be disabled, if necessary, during the installation.
The Tainted media set is added by default but not enabled by default, i.e., it's completely opt-in; so, check your local laws before using packages from this repository.
Please also note that on a 64-bit system, the 32-bit repositories are configured, but they are not enabled by default. If the Nonfree or Tainted 64-bit repositories are enabled, the corresponding 32-bit repositories should also be enabled (both in Release and Updates flavors), as they are needed by some packages, such as PlayOnLinux or Steam. In case you want to install such packages that have dependencies on packages from 32-bit repositories, like PlayOnLinux or Steam, please make sure that you have at least "Core 32bit Release" and "Core 32bit Updates" enabled.
Urpmi metadata are compressed with Zstd instead of Xz, resulting in faster parsing.
Most python2 modules & software were removed.
The ARM (Advanced RISC (Reduced Instruction Set Computing) Machine) port rebooted during Mageia 7 days has been enhanced. The core is available for ARMv7 and aarch64.
There is no traditional installer for now, and it is still considered experimental, but most of the distribution was built successfully on both architectures (see our ARM status overview for details). The plan is to provide installation images for popular ARM devices in the coming months. There is no ETA for those as of Mageia 8's release.
Drakboot is now somewhat able to set up UEFI on aarch64.
The rescue system has been enhanced:
New translations have been added, while others were improved. Thank you to our dedicated community of translators for your reliable work.
RPM has been upgraded to version 4.16.0.
RPM 4.16 offers key improvements to RPM as a whole, including:
More information on changes from RPM 4.14 (which shipped with Mageia 7) to RPM 4.16 is available from the RPM website:
DNF (Dandified Yum) was introduced as an alternative to urpmi since Mageia 6.
DNF is a next-generation dependency resolver and high-level package management tool that traces its ancestry to two projects: Fedora's YUM (Yellowdog Updater, Modified) and openSUSE's SAT Solver (libsolv). DNF was forked from YUM several years ago in order to rewrite it to use the SAT Solver library from openSUSE and to massively restructure the codebase so that a sane API would be available for both extending DNF (via plugins and hooks) and building applications on top of it (such as graphical frontends and system lifecycle automation frameworks).
DNF comes with enhanced problem reporting, advanced tracking of weak dependencies, support for rich dependencies (see the RPM release notes for more on this), and more detailed transaction information while performing actions.
Mageia 8 ships with DNF v4.2.19.
System upgrades using DNF are supported. See the section on upgrading with DNF in the release notes for more information.
More information on modularity: https://docs.pagure.org/modularity/
DNF release notes: https://dnf.readthedocs.io/en/latest/release_notes.html
With fresh installations via the classical and live media, DNF will be installed in parallel with urpmi. Depending on the method used to upgrade to Mageia 8, it may be necessary to install the dnf package to have it available.
For information on how to use DNF, please refer to the wiki page: Using DNF.
Our RPM-MD (RPM MetaData) repositories (used by DNF and PackageKit) provide AppStream metadata. Tools like GNOME Software (GNOME Desktop, packaged as gnome-software) and Plasma Discover (KDE Plasma Desktop, packaged as discover) leverage AppStream metadata to provide a rich experience when searching, identifying, and managing applications.
AppStream is a cross-distribution effort for enhancing software repositories by standardizing software component metadata. It enables an application-centric view on package repositories and provides specifications for things needed to create user-friendly application centers.
See the AppStream website for more information: https://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Distributions/AppStream/
The 'Welcome' screen is an application that is presented to users when booting into a fresh installation of Mageia. It has now been entirely reworked to have a linear approach, with successive steps following in a logical order of important things to know and do post-installation. By default, it will run at each subsequent boot, but this behaviour is optional. Even if the auto-run option is disabled - it can be invoked at any time as an application (mageiawelcome).
Under the hood, it uses Python and QML. It is now resizeable and will use the fonts of the desktop environment.
Isodumper is a tool to write ISO images on memory devices. The checking routine after writing operations is looking now for a sha3 sum file and corresponding signature.
The added persistence partition can now also be encrypted. This will be recognized only for Mageia 8 and later ISO images. See here for more information.
The Docker ecosystem has been augmented (based on the 18.09 version of the engine) with many additional tools such as docker-compose (orchestration with v3 support), containered (daemon controlling runC), docker-registry (share of images), docker-machine (install docker on a remote system), and python-docker (python 2 and 3 libraries for engine API management).
With Mageia 8, the LiveCD Tools have been rebased to the latest version (v27.0).
For information on how to use the LiveCD Tools, please refer to the wiki page: Using the LiveCD Tools
The GUI mode has been enhanced to include the summary stage from the classical installer, allowing easy configuration of locales, timezones, system services, and firewalls. The individual package selection stage now includes a flat list mode, removing the restrictions on what packages can be selected.
For more information, please refer to the wiki page: draklive2
All hardware managed by this kernel version is enabled. The kernel provides better graphics with Mesa 20.1.
Mageia 8 ships with X.Org 1.20.7.
Owners of NVIDIA Optimus laptops (integrated Intel graphics processor and discrete NVIDIA GPU) now have three ways to benefit from the power of their discrete GPU:
In all three cases, when configuring the graphics drivers, one must only configure the Intel card (at least in most Optimus configurations), as it is typically the only one physically connected to a monitor.
All the desktop environments mentioned below are included in Mageia's online repositories, and can be installed in parallel on any Mageia 8 system. Some of them are also included on the physical media, LiveDVDs and Classical DVDs, as specified in each section.
Plasma, the new desktop environment from the KDE community, is provided as version 5.19.1
If you want to try Plasma under Wayland, just install plasma-workspace-wayland, and it should appear in your favorite display manager's list of desktop environments.
The default display manager (DM) for the Plasma environment is SDDM, which replaces the now obsolete KDM.
Plasma has a specific 64-bit LiveDVD and it can also be installed from the Classical DVD ISO (traditional installer).
GNOME 3.36 is provided. It now defaults to running on Wayland, but also provides an alternative "GNOME on Xorg" session.
For those preferring the GNOME 2 look and feel, GNOME 3 also provides a "Gnome Classic" session.
GNOME has a specific 64-bit LiveDVD and it can also be installed from the Classical DVD ISO (traditional installer).
The very lightweight GTK+2-based desktop environment is still available and continues to receive improvements from upstream and our Mageia maintainer, even though its community has partly refocused on LXQt.
LXDE can be installed from the Classical DVD ISO (traditional installer).
Xfce 4.14 is provided.
Xfce has dedicated 32-bit and 64-bit LiveDVDs and it can also be installed from the Classical DVD ISO (traditional installer).
LXQt 0.15.0 is provided.
LXQt cannot be installed out of the box from the Classical DVD ISO (traditional installer) due to space constraints on the ISOs. Online media need to be added to enable more options during the initial installation - this is explained in the installer documentation.
MATE 1.24.0 is provided.
MATE can be installed from the Classical DVD ISO (traditional installer). Due to DVD space considerations, some applications such as mate-screenshot (screenshot application) are not included in Classical DVD ISO. For a full MATE Desktop experience, users are advised to install task-mate package after initial installation.
Cinnamon 4.4 is provided.
Cinnamon can be installed from the Classical DVD ISO (traditional installer).
The Enlightenment task package comes with E24.0 and Enlightenment Foundation Libraries (EFL) -- including the Elementary, Evas-generic-loaders and Evas-generic-players packages. Among the highlights of this version is Bluez5 support, an improved screen shot tool, more flexible music control module, the Evisum system monitor, and the now integrated Polkit-EFL authentication agent. For more details on this version, see https://www.enlightenment.org/news/e24.0.
Of course, Mageia includes E's Econnman UI for the connman connection manager, along with three EFL-based applications: the Terminology advanced terminal emulator, the nimble Ephoto image viewer, and the light-weight Rage video player. As with the prior release, Mageia 8 also offers a Mageia-branded theme as the default.
For those new or returning to E, startup processes and applications are not automatically picked up from /etc/xdg/autostart, but are enabled at startup by going to Main menu > Settings > Apps > Startup Applications and adding the desired applications and system processes. Enlightenment's system tray, which uses SNI appindicator notifications, is a separate module that must be loaded (Main menu > Settings > Modules) and added to a shelf (panel), where the Mageia online- and update-applets will be displayed along with others. Gtk applications with appindicators (e.g., Ubuntu indicator plugin for Pidgin) now have their icons correctly displayed as well.
Currently, there are two known issues. First, Mageia enables systemd-networkd to manage networking by default. Those who prefer to use connman with the Econnman interface will find it is not always functional (after disabling systemd-networkd and enabling connman.service), perhaps as a result of the default wpa_supplicant configuration. (There is a separate, recently-developed wireless gadget for managing multiple network backends that is not yet included in the Mageia repositories.) Second, the E17 themes still in the repository do not work with later versions of E. Additional themes may be found at https://www.enlightenment-themes.org/ -- just be careful to select up-to-date themes, as theming has been modified and icons added in the most recent releases of E.
You can also keep your Mageia 8 installation even more lightweight, and we provide for this a plethora of small and efficient window managers. You can find afterstep, awesome, dwm, fluxbox, fvwm2, fvwm-crystal, i3, icewm, jwm, matchbox, openbox, pekwm, sugar, swm, and windowmaker. After installation, they appear in the login menu of your display manager.
You will now find both "icewm" and "icewm-session" in the login menu of your display manager (1.6.4).
Beginning with IceWM 1.2.13, there is a new binary named "icewm-session". This binary helps you to handle all IceWM subparts (icewmbg, icewm, icewmtray, startup, and shutdown, started in this order). Therefore, you should use icewm-session to start a complete IceWM session. Choosing "Icewm" will only start the window manager itself.
LibreOffice has been updated to 18.104.22.168. See official release notes for details.
Since the last patent expired in April, 2017, mp3 encoding is now available in the core media. Tainted media are still needed for H.264, H.265/HEVC and AAC encoding.
In the Mageia community, our love for free software extends to open source games. A huge effort has been made during the Mageia 8 release cycle to package many new games, making Mageia 8 a very good platform for intensive and casual gamers alike. You can check the Mageia App DB to see a list of all the new and updated games in Mageia 8. The following section will only give some cherry-picked examples for each game category.
Mageia 8 comes with both old and new versions of gcompris. The old is based on the GTK+ toolkit and has more activities. The new uses Qt and brings some new activities. We were  among the donors in February, 2015, to improve the graphical interface of this very important project.
GCC has been updated to 9.3.0, GDB to 9.1 and Valgrind to 3.15.0. LLVM has been updated to 10.0.0.
Firebird has been updated to 3.0.6
IPython has been updated to 7.12.
Most libraries were updated to recent stable versions (long-term support when available), such as Qt 5.14.1 and GTK+ 3.24.18. GTK is also provided at version 3.98 Tcl/Tk is at version 8.6.10.
Ocaml has been updated to 4.10
QEmu has been updated to 5.0.
libvirt has been updated to 6.5, virt-manager to 2.2.1.
VirtualBox is at version 6.1.10.
Xen is at version 4.13.
Python 3 has been updated to 3.8.2. Python 2 is being retired (most python2 modules have already been removed).
Perl has been updated to 5.32.
Ruby has been updated to 2.7.0.
Rust is at version 1.42.0. It will be updated during Mageia 8's support life to follow new developments.
PHP has been updated to 7.4.3, which gives a further performance improvement.
Nextcloud comes in version 18 with Mageia 8. As in Mageia 7 the core release was the release 15, data may have to be migrated to intermediate release before the Mageia upgrade. The version 17 is available in backports repositories.
The version of MongoDB server is 4.1.4. As the licence changed after this release and this licence is not commonly recognized as open source, we don't have 4.2 release.
Upgrading from Mageia 7 is supported, and has been fine-tuned over the past few months, so it should work. But, as always, it is very advisable to back up any important data before upgrading and make sure you have made all updates of Mageia 7 (such as rpm and urpmi). Upgrading directly from Mageia 6 (or earlier distributions) is not supported.
If you want to upgrade a 64-bit system, it may contain 32-bit software. This is not a problem provided it does not include development libraries. You can identify these by the word "devel" in the name. To know if your system houses such libraries you can use the command:
You must un-install these libraries before upgrading.
If 3rd party repositories, such as Google, have been added during the use of Mageia 7, be sure to make a backup/copy of /etc/urpmi/urpmi.cfg.
There are several ways to upgrade from Mageia 7:
Warning: Upgrading an existing install using any of the Live images is NOT supported due to the Live image being copied "as is" to the target system.
If you want to upgrade a previous Mageia installation which was NOT in UEFI, towards a UEFI-mode Mageia 8, you have to do a complete installation. Direct upgrade is not supported.
The Mageia Update notification applet, Mageia Online, will notify you that a new Mageia release is available, and ask if you wish to upgrade. If you agree, the upgrade will be carried out from within your Mageia installation without any further steps being necessary.
If you have disabled the applet or it is not automatically running for some reason, you can upgrade manually either using the GUI (mgaonline) or the CLI (urpmi/dnf system-upgrade). Each method is outlined below.
Fully update your system and check you have enough free space (at least 2 GB, depending on your configuration) before starting the upgrade.
If Mageia Online does not display a blue icon in the system tray offering you the option to upgrade to the new Mageia release:
1. Make sure that your system is fully up-to-date by applying all available updates. https://doc.mageia.org/mcc/8/en/content/MageiaUpdate.html
2. In Mageia Control Center - Software Management - Configure Updates Frequency, make sure that the option "Check for newer default releases" is selected. https://doc.mageia.org/mcc/8/en/content/mgaapplet-config.html
3. Look in your home folder for a hidden directory, .MgaOnline. If there is a file mgaonline in that directory, then delete that file.
After a reboot, the blue upgrade icon should appear when Mageia Online next checks for updates.
If Mageia 7 has reached EOL, you will see an orange icon and a pop-up warning that Mageia 7 is no longer supported.
Alternatively, you can launch the upgrade process by entering the following in a terminal:
It will notify you of the availability of the new Mageia 8 distribution, configure Mageia media sources and start the migration.
This method is useful when the root partition is encrypted as the booted system is already decrypting the partition.
There are multiple ways of getting a Command Line Interface (CLI).
The best method for performing an upgrade is to use run-level 3 so that the X server and graphical environment is not running.
Therefore, the upgrade should be cleaner using run-level 3 than using a terminal application as fewer programs are running which could potentially mess up the upgrade.
If you have dnf installed, you will have to stop the dnf makecache timer, because it causes a crash of urpmi when run during the upgrade. The commands are included below. See bug 25072
Run-level 3 can be enabled by appending "3" to the kernel command line by editing it at boot and to get then a login prompt. Other option is to use the command: systemctl isolate multi-user.target
It is recommended to run "script upgrade_log.txt" before to launch the next commands to capture the upgrade messages just in case a failure occurs. The messages will be written in upgrade_log.txt file. Use "exit" to quit out of "script".
Here are the general upgrade steps:
If you're using DNF for software management (and have it configured appropriately per the wiki page on using DNF), you can upgrade to Mageia 8 in just a few steps (note all commands must be run as root):
You can use the traditional (so, non-Live) Mageia 8 DVD to do clean installs, but also to upgrade from Mageia 7.
It is recommended that the online repositories be set up during the upgrade as the DVD only includes a subset of the complete set of Mageia online repositories. This is especially important if you use important 32-bit packages in an otherwise 64-bit install, because the 64-bit ISO will only contain the 64-bit packages, so the upgrade is likely to fail if you do not add online repositories.
Moreover, it is possible that a particular Mageia 7 installation may have received an update to a later version of software than that available on the ISO. When this happens, an upgrade may fail to complete. At the time the ISOs are tested, it is impossible to anticipate which Mageia 7 packages may be updated in the future, so offline upgrades (i.e., upgrades attempted without setting up the online repositories) are not supported.
On the first reboot, use the command 'urpmi --auto-update' to make sure all packages were updated.
Firstly, on the running Mageia 7 system:
Then prepare and boot the traditional installer as described above, and:
See the Errata page.
We have a bug tracker, but please read the Errata before reporting any bugs. If you don't already have a Mageia account, you can create one on https://identity.mageia.org/. If you don't know, see how to report a bug.